Survey and sampling methods
Analysis of statistical data 
Monitoring and evaluation
Statistical training/capacity building
Subject matter:
Labour statistics
Social statistics
Development indicators
Social protection


Helping governments and international agencies in the design of high quality survey processes for the collection of statistical data. In particular, providing advice and support in the following areas, so as to ensure that a survey is conducted reliably and efficiently: 
  • Choice of appropriate survey methodologies, in line with available resources, both human and financial 
  • Design of the survey, including the questionnaire and survey manuals (but excluding the writing of survey-specific computer applications) 
  • Sample design and implementation 
  • Training of field staff, and monitoring of field activities
Examples of work done: 
Ghana 1992-96,  Bhutan 2002-03, Somalia 2006, Viet Nam 2007, Sampling for MICS (many countries)
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Assistance can be given in the quantitative analysis of survey data.This involves:
  • specifying edit checks and table outputs
  • generating the tables (using appropriate packages such as SPSS, SAS or CSPro) 
  • analysing the data 
  • preparing descriptive reports to summarise the main findings of the survey. 
Examples of work done:
Nepal 1997-2000, Tonga 2002-3, Philippines 2006-07, Liberia 2007-2010, Timor Leste 2010
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Monitoring and improving the quality of data collection so as to maintain reliability in the statistics produced. This requires investigating the data production process (surveys, administrative records, etc.). Evaluating the quality of statistical systems which were used to collect data as well as the validity and reliability of the resulting statistics produced.
Examples of work done:
Thailand 2001a, Cambodia 2004
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Contributing to the development of statistics staff working in government, by running formal training courses in areas of particular interest. Courses can be provided in any of the eight fields (four techniques and four subject matter topics) listed under 'Areas of expertise'. 

Providing informal strengthening of statistical capacity through close interaction with the national staff engaged on the project. This kind of interaction can be most effective in cases where repeat visits are made over an extended period to assist on the same project. 

Examples of work done: 
Thailand 2000a, Botswana 2005
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Ensuring the regular collection and dissemination of basic labour statistics; improving the quality of labour market statistics and their analysis; strengthening the management of labour market information and poverty monitoring systems; and helping to disseminate key national labour statistics and methodological information.
Examples of work done:
Nepal 1997-2000, Thailand 2001b, Tonga 2002-03, Ethiopia 2004, Sierra Leone 2005, Swaziland 2006, Liberia 2007-2010, Thailand 2007, Sudan 2008, Timor Leste 2010, Belarus 2011.
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The planning of censuses. Designing census questionnaires. Census pretests and post-enumeration surveys. Combining censuses and surveys. 

Helping countries to improve the quality and flow of social statistics, and their use in the formulation of social policy.

Examples of work done: 
Thailand 1998, Malawi 2000 
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Building national statistical capacity in basic data collection and the dissemination of indicators. Helping international agencies and governments to develop a basic core set of indicators, to satisfy the key national requirements and to meet the international data needs (e.g for MDGs, HDRs, and MICS reports) 
Examples of work done: 
Tanzania 2001, Zambia 2001-04, Afghanistan 2006

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Developing statistical instruments as a means of assisting governments to manage social risk. This includes helping to improve the timeliness and relevance of national socio-economic surveys, the dissemination of survey results in formats that are easy to use, and developing statistical information systems on occupational safety and health.
Two special areas, arising from the recent preparation of technical manuals, are:
(i) Occupational injury statistics. Helping countries to improve the quality of their data on occupational injuries, by means of household and establishment surveys.
(ii) Decent work indicators. Assisting policy makers and researchers to develop suitable indicators of decent work.
Examples of work done: 
Switzerland 1999 and 2003, Thailand 2001a, Thailand 2007

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